Victorian house style (1830-1900)
Victorian architecture is named for the period in which it as popularised between the years 1830 and 1900. The era saw the rise of industrialisation and a larger middle class, which encouraged the mass production of ornate private homes as more people could afford them.
Architects mostly took inspiration in the architecture of earlier eras. There are many different styles of Victorian era architecture.
The most popular were Gothic Revival, Italianate and Queen Ann styles. Gothic Revival was popular between 1830 and 1860. It was usually applied to castles and cathedrals. Italianate Styles came into the scene in 1850. It appeared in everything: from simple cottages to ornate mansions, and was even used in commercial buildings.
Queen Anne architecture became popular in the latter stages of the Victorian era. It is the most recognisable style as it has highly ornate and rambling design.
High number of styles that existed during the Victorian era, share many common characteristics.
Edwardian house styles (1900-1918)
The death of Queen Victoria in January in 1901 and the succession of her son, Edward, marked the start of the new century and the end of the Victorian era. While Victoria had shunned society, Edward was a leader of the fashionable elite which set a style influenced by the art and fashions of continental Europe- perhaps influenced by the king's fondness for travel.
The Edwardian period corresponds to the French Belle Epoque period. Despite its brief pre-eminence, the period is characterised by its own unique architectural style, fashion and lifestyle.
Like the Victorians before them, Edwardian architects looked for inspiration from earlier eras, such as Georgian, Queen Anne and Tudor and reinterpreted these styles in the homes they designed.
One particular influence on Edwardian homes was the Arts and Crafts movement, which began as a reaction against the increasing mass production methods of industrial Victorian Britain, and desire to emulate the handmade workmanship of the skilled artisans of yesteryear.